Understanding Psoriatic Arthritis: Types, Symptoms, Treatment, and Management

August 30, 2023

Psoriasis is a skin condition characterized by red, scaly areas, and it is strongly related to psoriatic arthritis. This condition can drastically lower a person’s quality of life by causing pain, stiffness, and joint degeneration. Join us as we explore the various forms, signs, causes, diagnoses, available treatments, and management recommendations for psoriatic arthritis.

Psoriatic arthritis is a form of inflammatory arthritis that affects people who have the autoimmune skin condition psoriasis. Joints in the fingers, toes, knees, spine, and pelvis can all be impacted by psoriatic arthritis. It might also result in inflammation in the entheses, which are the places where tendons or ligaments connect to bones.

Psoriatic arthritis comes in a variety of forms, each with particular symptoms and affected joints:

  1. Symmetric psoriatic arthritis affects the hands, knees, and other joints on both sides of the body. Because of its symmetrical involvement, it is comparable to rheumatoid arthritis.
  2. Asymmetric psoriatic arthritis: Asymmetric arthritis does not have a symmetrical pattern and affects several joints on each side of the body.
  3. DIP, or Distal Interphalangeal Predominant Psoriatic arthritis mainly affects the joints on the fingers and toes, which are closest to the nails.
  4. Spondylitis d Psoriatic arthritis: When the spine becomes inflamed, the neck, lower back, and sacroiliac joints experience pain and stiffness.

 Symptoms of Psoriatic Arthritis Before They Develop:

Early detection and successful treatment of psoriatic arthritis depend on the ability to recognize the warning signals of the condition. Some typical signs include:

  • Joint discomfort and stiffness, particularly in the morning or after inactivity
  • Inflamed and painful joints
  • Tiredness and an overall sense of ill health
  • Psoriasis-related red, scaly skin areas
  • Modifications to the nails, such as pitting or detachment from the nail bed.

It is crucial to seek medical advice from a qualified practitioner for an accurate assessment and diagnosis if you encounter any of these symptoms. Schedule a consultation with our experienced rheumatologists at Al Hilal Hospitals to discuss your psoriatic arthritis symptoms and create a personalized treatment plan.

A detailed review of the patient’s medical history, a physical examination, and certain tests are required for the diagnosis of psoriatic arthritis. To evaluate joint injury and inflammation, the healthcare professional may do imaging tests, including X-rays and MRI scans. Blood tests can also be used to rule out other forms of arthritis and look for inflammation-related indicators. Call us now to book your appointment.

Causes of psoriatic arthritis:

The precise causes of psoriatic arthritis are not entirely understood because it is a complicated and multifaceted illness. The development of psoriatic arthritis, however, is thought to be influenced by a combination of genetic, immune system, and environmental variables. The following are some of the main causes and risk factors for psoriatic arthritis:

  1. Genetic Predisposition: Psoriatic arthritis development is significantly influenced by family history. The likelihood of someone having psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis increases if they have a family member with either ailment
  1. Immune System Dysfunction: Psoriatic arthritis is an autoimmune illness, which means that healthy tissues, such as joints and skin, are wrongly attacked by the immune system.
  1. Psoriasis: Red, scaly patches of skin on the body are the hallmark of this chronic skin disorder. People with psoriasis or those who get it before experiencing symptoms of arthritis are more likely to develop psoriatic arthritis.
  1. Environmental Triggers: For those who are genetically predisposed to the condition, specific environmental conditions might cause the start or worsening of psoriatic arthritis. It may also be influenced by additional triggers, such as skin or joint injuries, physical or emotional stress, and exposure to specific chemicals or pollutants.
  1. Gender and Age: Although psoriatic arthritis can affect people of any age, it often appears between the ages of 30 and 50. Psoriatic arthritis can affect both men and women; however, some research indicates that men may be more likely to experience a severe case of the condition.
  1. Obesity: Psoriatic arthritis is thought to be at risk in people who are obese.
  1. Smoking has been noted as a possible risk factor for psoriatic arthritis, especially in people who have psoriasis. Smoking is known to have an impact on the immune system and may accelerate the onset of autoimmune conditions like psoriatic arthritis.

While these risk factors are connected to psoriatic arthritis, it’s crucial to remember that not everyone who possesses them will experience the disease. To fully grasp the underlying causes of psoriatic arthritis, further research is required to better comprehend the complex interplay of immunological dysfunction, genetic predisposition, and environmental factors. For correct management and therapy, seek medical assessment and diagnosis at Al Hilal Hospitals if you think you may have psoriatic arthritis or are suffering joint pain and skin changes.


Treatment for psoriatic arthritis seeks to reduce inflammation, relieve symptoms, and guard against joint deterioration. The strategy can consist of:

  1. Medicines: To reduce inflammation and limit the progression of disease, call us to book your appointment with our expert team of doctors at Al Hilal Hospitals.
  2. Physical therapy: A physical therapist can provide specialized exercises to enhance joint function and flexibility while reducing discomfort.
  3. A healthy lifestyle that includes regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, and reducing stress can help control symptoms and enhance general wellbeing.
  4. Topical treatments: Topical lotions or ointments for skin involvement may be administered to treat psoriasis symptoms.
  5. Joint Injections: Corticosteroid injections into painful joints may help reduce inflammation and pain specifically.

Even though there isn’t a specific diet that can treat psoriatic arthritis, eating a balanced, wholesome diet might improve general wellbeing and possibly reduce inflammation. Include foods like fatty fish, fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds that are high in omega-3 fatty acids, antioxidants, and anti-inflammatory characteristics. Decreased use of processed meals, sweet snacks, and alcohol may also be advantageous.

Joint inflammation, discomfort, and stiffness are comparable in psoriatic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), which causes confusion between the two illnesses.Both psoriatic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) commonly affect smaller joints symmetrically; however, while both can induce symmetrical joint discomfort, psoriatic arthritis is characterized by skin psoriasis, nail abnormalities, and a variety of patterns of joint involvement.

Following specific recommendations is necessary for managing psoriatic arthritis:

  1. Adhere to the treatment regimen recommended by your doctor and schedule routine checkups at Al Hilal Hospital.
  2. Exercise frequently and maintain a healthy weight in order to lessen joint stress.
  3. Acquire stress-management skills to handle the condition’s emotional effects.
  4. Keep your joints protected when performing regular tasks and steer clear of repetitive motions that could exacerbate discomfort.
  5. Seek out friends, family, or support groups to talk about experiences and coping mechanisms.

Early diagnosis and efficient management of psoriatic arthritis depend on a thorough understanding of the condition’s forms, symptoms, underlying causes, and available treatments. People with psoriatic arthritis can experience an improved quality of life and improved joint health by leading a balanced lifestyle, sticking to recommended therapies, and working closely with medical providers at Al Hilal Hospitals,call us to book your appointment now.