A hysteroscope is a thin, telescope-like instrument that is inserted into the uterus through the vagina and cervix. This tool often helps a physician diagnose or treat a uterine problem. Hysteroscopy may be either diagnostic or operative.
Diagnostic hysteroscopy is used to diagnose uterine abnormalities and certain conditions such as abnormal uterine bleeding, infertility, repeated miscarriages, adhesions, fibroid tumours, polyps, or to locate displaced intrauterine devices (IUDs). Other instruments or techniques, such as dilation and curettage (D&C) and laparoscopy, are sometimes used in conjunction with the hysteroscopy.
Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is a type of prostate surgery done to relieve moderate to severe urinary symptoms caused by an enlarged prostate. TURP is recommended if symptoms caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) have not improved in response to home treatment and medicines. TURP is now the most common surgery used to remove part of an enlarged prostate.